Children with disabilities sometimes have added challenges during an emergency situation compared to children without disabilities. For instance, children with disabilities may have a hard time moving from one location to another, have difficulty communicating, or have trouble adjusting to different situations. Additional preparation may be needed while planning for an emergency or disaster situation for children and youth with disabilities.
In conflicts and natural disasters, the risk of being affected by disability increases due to injuries, poor health care and failure to manage non-communicable diseases. Older people and people with disabilities, therefore, make up a significant and growing proportion of disaster-affected populations.
Despite an increasing focus on protection and the needs of ‘vulnerable’ groups, older people and people with disabilities continue to face substantial barriers in accessing humanitarian assistance and protection. They may be less mobile and unable to get to distribution sites or access other services. Humanitarian actors may not target them for nutrition or livelihoods programmes or other forms of assistance, or they may think it is not possible to address their ‘specific needs’ when time and resources are limited.
During emergencies, job creation is the main tool employed by FHI for providing emergency support PWDs. FHI offers temporary cash for work opportunities for the youth. This injects money directly into the household economy and allows beneficiaries the choice to spend the cash in whatever way best meets their basic needs the job creation PWDs do a wide variety of work including construction; cleaning and rehabiliting land, parks and public spaces; and supporting community-based organizations, disability centres and women’s centres. Special focus is given to creating work opportunities for women,
In addition, FHI operates mobile community mental health clinics during emergencies. .Both curative and preventive health services are provided including maternal health, well-baby checks, mental health support and screening for non-communicable diseases. During disasters and working in partnership with the Ghana National District Management Organization (NADMO),FHI’s health teams visit on a weekly basis and provide individual, family and group counselling, psychosocial support groups and activities (especially for children and youth) and conduct awareness campaigns and support trainings for the local populations
FHI partners with the NADMO to provide emergency food distributions to PWDs. The food aid helps the poorest PWDs to meet their basic food needs so their household finances can be directed towards livelihood expenses